By the 1980s, steroid use was growing throughout the sports world, and scientists were fighting a constant battle to catch up with ever-more-sophisticated doping techniques. At the Pan American games in 1983, organizers asked West German scientists to set up a lab to test for illegal drug use. It was the first time a large number of positive tests became public. Steroids were becoming pervasive, and all athletes were affected. But while the opportunity to use performance-enhancing drugs was present, there were differences between the East German methods and everybody else’s. Doping in the GDR was different from the doping in the West of the world but it was also different from the doping in other parts of the East. It was German, it was orderly, it was bureaucratic, it was written up.
The document also alleges that Salazar went out of his way to prescribe a nasal spray called calcitonin on his personal theory that it would strengthen nasal bone strength and prevent stress fractures. In actuality, it was shown later to increase cancer risk and the Nike Oregon Project team told its athletes to stop using the spray in November 2012. Ritzenhein responded with incredulity, asking, “Is this some kind of joke? I have been taking this for the last four years!” Despite the warnings, records show that Brown prescribed the spray to Galen Rupp in December 2012. Additionally, Mo Farah, perhaps the world’s greatest distance runner, was told to stop taking it after being diagnosed with hypercalciuria, but the alleged secrecy and overmedication of Nike Oregon Project athletes under Salazar kept him on calcitonin well after he was told to stop.