The Facts About Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)
*26 million Americans have CKD and millions of others are at increased risk.
*Early detection can help prevent the progression of kidney disease to kidney failure.
*Heart disease is the major cause of death for all people with CKD.
*Glomerular filtration rate (GFR) is the best estimate of kidney function.
*Hypertension causes CKD and CKD causes hypertension.
*Persistent proteinuria (protein in the urine) means CKD is present.
*High-risk groups include those with diabetes, hypertension and family history of kidney disease.
*African Americans, Hispanics, Pacific Islanders, Native Americans and seniors are at increased risk.
*Three simple tests can detect CKD: blood pressure, urine albumin and serum creatinine.
Although clearly not as effective as mechanical blood doping, or even the newer practice of erythropoietin injections, anabolic/androgenic steroids still do enhance Red Blood Cell concentrations. Whether or not this will consistently equate into an increase in aerobic capacity in healthy athletes remains a matter of speculation and debate, however their base effect on the process of erythropoiesis does not. Since bodybuilders are rarely concerned with things such as overall oxygen uptake capacity and optimal aerobic performance, no doubt this debate is not of tremendous interest to the average reader. Perhaps of greater interest though is the simple understanding of the mechanism involved in erythropoiesis, and how anabolic steroids interact with this process. I hope also evident through this piece is the more primary focus on the different agents, and the fact that the enhancement of red blood cell production is a trait shared by all anabolic/androgenic steroids. Certainly those mentions of the vast superiority of one agent such as Anadrol or Equipoise over all others should be ignored.